Bachelor of Vocation

Dr. Mohinder Slariya Nodal Officer

Bachelor of Vocational Studies programme has been developed to make the new generation self skilled and dependable, so that they can learn and acquire skills in concern and interested field and have a better life in future. We all are aware of the present situation of our country; we are into the process of development and the peoples are not skilled for the industries that are into continuous growth.

So the Government of India started a project of Skill India to improve the skills of Indians to raise the standards of the Indian industries as well as the people. For this University Grants Commission (UGC) had launched a scheme in February, 2014. They introduced this skill development based program of higher education in college, leading to Bachelors in Vocational Education (B. Voc.) degree (3 year program or 6 semesters). In collaboration with National Skill Qualification Framework (NSQF) aligned skill development, students can exit after six months with a certificate (NSQF 4) or may continue for one year diploma (NSQF 5) or two years advanced diploma (NSQF 6) or three years B. Voc. Degree (NSQF 7). This programme is focused to deliver the National Occupational Standards (NOSs) along with broad based general education. This would enable the graduates completing B. Voc. to contribute significantly to India’s accelerating economy by gaining employment. The detail is available here: and

The Govt. of Himachal Pradesh had introduced this program initially in approximately 500 schools in the state targeting the students from 9th to 12th class. And the students who want to strengthen their skills can go for diploma (NSQF 5), or advanced diploma (NSQF 6) or B. Voc. degree (NSQF 7). To make this program effective and successful HP government had made different units like DOHE (Department Of Higher Education) and HPKVN (Himachal Pradesh Kaushal Vikas Nigam), for detail click here:

Govt. of Himachal Pradesh has decided to start B. Voc. Degree programme at par with other degree programmes like; B.A., B.Sc. and B.Com. The detail of Tourism and Hospitality is available here: and detail of Retail Management is here: HPKVN (Himachal Pradesh Kaushal Vikas Nigam) makes sure that the program is run smoothly and effectively by providing following:

  • Coordinating with DOHE in selecting facility
  • Monitoring skill components quality
  • Courseware
  • OJT and internship
  • Placement

The state government had started this B. Voc. Program to target following objectives:

  1. Provide mixture of professional skills along with education.
  2. Ensure that students have adequate knowledge and skills whenever they leave the program. (At any level)
  3. Giving students a chance to learn according to their requirements and feasibility.
  4. Provide better carrier opportunities to students after +2

Himachal Pradesh University as per the instruction of Govt. UGC and HPKVN had started this program in 2017 in 12 colleges in the state for following students categories:

  • Students who already have acquired NSQF level 4 certification at school level
  • Students who already have acquired NSQF level 4 certification at school level but wants to change the stream
  • Students who don’t have acquired any NSQF level 4 certification at school level

At present this program is being offered in two streams; Hospitality and Tourism and Retail Management and being run as per the following Job Roles and NSQF Levels:



(Advanced Diploma)

(B. Voc. Degree)

Hospitality and Tourism

Front Office Executive

    Guest Relations Manager

Duty Manager





  1. Voc. programme is of three years like other degree programs but consist of six semesters. Each semester have 5 months of academic classes and one month of skill classes in related industry. In general the academic component is 40% and skill component is 60%. Further skill component is broken into 2 parts academic (10-20%) which is taught in well equipped labs and rest of 40-50% is taught by means of On-the-Job training (OJT) or internship in reputed organizations.


The University Grants Commission (UGC) has launched a scheme on skill development based job oriented higher education program as a part of College/University education, leading to Bachelor of Vocation (B.Voc.) degree. This degree Program is unique with the provision of multiple entry and exist at different levels of NSQF from level 5 to 7, viz. Diploma/Advance Diploma and Degree in compliance to the National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF). Multiple entry and exit will allow students the flexibility to earn and study as per their convenience.


  1. To provide multiple entry and exit options at various levels through program design in conformation to the skill eco system.
  2. To create requisite job role specific skilled manpower for industry at various NSQF levels as per NOSs (National Occupational Standards).
  3. To empower the youth leading to employment and income generating opportunities.
  4. To provide judicious mix of skills relating to a profession and appropriate content of general education.
  5. To provide flexibility to the students by means of pre-defined entry and multiple exit levels.
  6. To integrate skill based NSQF vocational studies with the undergraduate level of higher education in order to enhance employability of the graduates and meet the industry requirements. Such graduates apart from meeting the needs of local and national industry are also expected to be competent to become part of the global workforce.


  1. Voc.  programme is designed with the provision for multiple exit levels. All the candidates enrolled for diploma courses or further will be treated at par from the second semester onwards. Students may exit after six months with the certificate (NSQF Level 4) or they may continue for diploma or advance diploma level courses leading to B. Voc. degree.

Following table provides a snapshot of the various certificates and their duration:-


Skill Component Credits

General Education Credits

Total Credits for Award

Normal Duration

Exit Points/Awards





One Sem.






Two Sem.






Four Sem.

Advanced Diploma





Six Sem.

B. Voc. Degree

    1. Admission to the B. Voc. programme in Retail Management and Hospitality & Tourism (Semester-I) shall be done purely on the merit in the qualifying  examination (10+2 etc.) .
    2. There are three categories of candidates who shall be given admission in Semester-I of the skill-based courses under NSQF.

      Multiple Entry and Exit Options:

      1. After the completion of Semester I, the candidate will get a Certificate, and she/he may go for a job or continue studying.
      2. The candidate may re-join Semester II. After the completion of Semester II, the candidate will get a Diploma, and she/he may go for a job or continue studying.
      3. The candidate may re-join Semester III. After the completion of Semesters III and IV, the candidate will get an Advanced Diploma, and she/he may go for a job or continue studying.
      1. The candidate may re-join Semester V. After the completion of Semesters V and VI, the candidate will be awarded a B. Voc. degree, and she/he may go for a job or become an entrepreneur, or continue studying for the M. Voc. Degree (NSQF Level 8 onwards) and can register for Ph.D. degree (NSQF Level 10) after it in Vocational studies, or they can take admission in any other masters’ programme after completion of required Bridge course, or appear in any competitive exams conducted by State Public Service Commission and Union Public Service Commission.


      1. The Internship shall also carry credits to be added in the final evaluation of skill components.
      2. HPKVN (Himachal Pradesh Kaushal Vikas Nigam) is fully sponsoring the internship apart from facilitating the skill component (60 %) of this programme along with courseware for whole of the programme.
      3. Candidates enrolled for this programme are entitled for ‘Kaushal Vikas Bhatta’as per state government policy.


      1. Admission to the B. Voc. programme will be as per the rules and regulations of the Himachal    Pradesh University.
      2. The eligibility criteria for admission to the B. Voc. degree programme shall be 10+2 in all streams from a recognized board;10+2 examination or an examination equivalent thereof from a Board/University established by law in India with English as a compulsory subject with 55% marks in aggregate, OR any examination of a University/Board/College or School in a foreign country recognized as equivalent for the above purpose by the Vice-Chancellor/Equivalence Committee on its own, OR on the recommendation of Association of India Universities with 55% marks OR as per eligibility norms of the college for admission to undergraduate courses in case of Center of Excellence.
      3. Vocational subjects under NSQF will be given weightage, equivalent to any other general education subject while considering admission to students to the undergraduate courses as per reference no. DD No.. 1-52/2013(CC/NSQF) dated 30.04.2014 of UGC.
      4. Maximum age limit for admission to B. Voc. courses is 23 years for general category, 25 years for SC/ST category and 25 years for girl candidates, as on July 1 of the admission year. The Vice–Chancellor may permit age relaxation as per norms.
      5. Reservation rules are applicable as per the rules or guidelines of the Himachal Pradesh Government.
      6. Students belonging to SC/ST category shall be given a 5% relaxation in marks for admission purpose, i.e., they would require a minimum of 50% marks in aggregate at 10+2 level.
      7. Compartment students shall not be allowed admission in the B. Voc. programmes.
      Internship for 6 weeks after the completion of each year is an integral/essential component of B. Voc. degree.
      • A candidate cannot pursue two full time undergraduate courses simultaneously.
      • The University reserves the right to cancel any admission at any stage.
      • In matters relating to undergraduate admissions, the decision of the Admission Committee/Vice-Chancellor, Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla, shall be final.
      • All legal matters pertaining to undergraduate admissions shall be subject to the Himachal Pradesh jurisdiction only.

    Category 1Students who have already acquired NSQF certification Level 4 in a particular Industry sector may opt for admission in the skill-based courses under NSQF.

    Category 2:   Students who have acquired NSQF certification Level 4, but may like to change their trade and enter into skill-based courses in a different trade.

     Category 3Students who have passed the 10+2 examination with conventional schooling without any background of vocational training.

    Note: Regarding selection of students for B. Voc. programme, 10% extra weightage shall be given to Category-1; 5% extra weightage shall be given to Category-2 in 10+2 examination. Final list of students shall be finalized on merit.


    The course content of the B. Voc. programme will be taught in English.